In book 21, Odysseus reveals a scar to two trusted friends as evidence of his identity. What kind of proof is a scar to one’s notion of identity? Do you think that such a marking, like a scar, is adequate “proof” of who one is? How would you prove who you are if no one recognized you?
Book 22 is a bloodbath. What role do you think revenge had in Greek society based on this scene? Do you think popular narratives in a culture reveal a culture’s true belief in something like revenge, or do they function as warnings? I’m thinking here of action movies, in particular, in our own time in which there is a similar bloody ending with the hero and plot resolve into a “happy” ending (with a lot of dead bodies).