Ethical Theories to Apply: Utilitarianism, Universal Ethics, Golden Rule, Virtue Ethics

You work in the Ethics Department for ABC Company (ABC). Your department is dedicated to advising its employees about their ethical obligations in the corporate setting. You are an internal consultant who provides advice and most importantly, recommendations for action to employees of the firm. All communications you receive in this capacity are confidential.

Luke, an employee of ABC, comes to you with the following scenario and asks for your advice. He wants to fully consider the situation. Your task is to advise and recommend a course of action based on the specified ethical lenses and facts as given. Below are the facts that Luke provides to you.

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Luke has been asked to work on a project that involves developing land recently purchased by ABC to build an adult entertainment retail store. According to the plan, the land is located on the corner of the neighborhood where Owen, Luke’s brother, lives.

Luke knows that as soon as the plans for the store are made public, property values for the surrounding neighborhood will decrease significantly. ABC plans to publicly announce the project one month from today.

Luke is concerned about his obligations of confidentiality to his company. However, Luke is also very close to Owen, who recently told Luke that he received an offer to sell his house at an “okay” price given the current real estate market. Owen is considering selling but hasn’t made any final decision yet. He wonders if he might get a better offer a few years from now when the real estate market improves.

 

What is the ethical issue, why is this an issue, and what should Luke do about it?

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For assignment 4, prepare a memo, setting out your analysis and recommendations, that considers ONLY the following ethical lenses: Utilitarianism, Universal Ethics (i.e., Kant’s categorical imperative), The Golden Rule and Virtue Ethics.

 

Remember: follow all instructions, NO MISSING ANYTHING

Utilitarianism:

1)   argument need to be developed more clearly to consider all consequences on all affected stakeholder

2)   consider all implications of each action on all stakeholders, considering all the benefit and harms. What are all the consequences (societal harms and benefits) if luke divulges the information? What would be consequences (societal harm and benefits) of not divulging the news?

3)   Show clearly which one of the choices results in greater good for greater numbers

4)   What are the criticism of the theory. How could they influence Luke’s decision here?

5)   What Luke must do as per this theory?

 

Universal Ethics:

  1. Defined Rule (used your own words)
  2. Tell the rule how work in this case
  3. While applying the theory, should have discussed what kind of a world it would be if all employees shares information with their relatives/friends at the expense of their companies
  4. How would it affect business environment?
  5. Would the companies be able to maintain their competitive edge?
  6. Argument need to developed more fully and toward application of Kant’s theory need to be more clearly make
  7. consider all implications of each action on all stakeholders, considering all the benefit and harms. What are all the consequences (societal harms and benefits) if luke divulges the information? What would be consequences (societal harm and benefits) of not divulging the news?

 

 

Golden rule:

  1. Identified all stakeholders in this case. There are Luke himself and Owen and their families; ABC Co. and its emloyees and stockholders and local community
  2. To apply this theory, need to put him into relevant stakeholders shoes (such as Owen, ABC CO, ABC’s stakeholders and other local community members, regulatory authorizes) and ASK what he would want himself to do in each case
  3. Complete argument from each stakeholder’s perspective
  4. How he prioritizes between different choices
  5. Need to consider the theory’s critism that Golden Rule leads you to the best decision only if highly ethical
  6. Disscuss what its implications are. What does this hold for Luke?
  7. consider all implications of each action on all stakeholders, considering all the benefit and harms. What are all the consequences (societal harms and benefits) if luke divulges the information? What would be consequences (societal harm and benefits) of not divulging the news?

 

Virtue ethics:

  1. consider all implications of each action on all stakeholders, considering all the benefit and harms. What are all the consequences (societal harms and benefits) if luke divulges the information? What would be consequences (societal harm and benefits) of not divulging the news?
  2. Luke must first decide what kind of a person he wants to be – this will define the virtues or character traits that headopts. He should reference his relevant communities to help him decide (professional community, friend).
  3. How would Luke feel if his professional community was to come to know that he had informed his brother in advance about the upcoming project?
  4. What about the criticisms to applying the theory? Need discussion
  5. Need to conclude what this theory tells Luke to do

 

Must Have:

  1. Facts – USE YOUR OWN WORDS, DO NOT COPY EXACTLY THE GIVEN
  2. Issue
  3. Analysis
  4. Recommendation:

FINAL RECOMMENDATION FOR LUKE NEED TO BE SUPPORTED BY ARGUMENT MADE TOWARD APPLICATION OF THEORIES TO CASE FACTS, MUST BRING OUT THE KEY PRICIPLES OF EACH THEORY. HOW EACH OF THESE THEORIES RECOMMEND THIS ACTION AS IT APPLIES. CONSIDER OF THE CRITICISM OF THE THEORIES MAY HELP DECIDE WHICH OF THE THEORIES MAY BE MORE APPLICABLE IN THIS CASE

 

IN THE END, NEED TO BRIEFLY SUMMARIZE EARLIER ARGUMENTS AND STATE CLEARLY WHAT YOUR RECOMMEND LUKE SHOULD DO

 

(REMEMBER SHOULD HAVE 4 STEPS (FACTS, ISSUES, ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATION), UNDERLYING THE FACTS TITLE (EX: FACTS: ), PUT THEM SEPARATED (MEANS WHAT IS FACTS, WHAT IS ISSUE, ETC). MAKE IT CLEARLY AND DO NOT MAKE CONFUSE

 

THE PAPER MUST NO LANGUAGE, SPELLING AND PUNCTUATION ERROR, NO REFERENCES (DO NOT USE OUTSIDE SOURCE, SUCH AS MLA), USE OWN WORD AND NO PLAGIARISM