Title: Future requirements for communication satellites
Outline
o Introduction
o Chapter 1 – Market study services
• Sect. 1.1 – Satellites Communications
• Sect. 1.2 – Earth observation
• Sect. 1.3 – Navigation
• Sect. 1.4 – Other minor markets
o Chapter 2 – ARTES Programme
• Sect. 2.1 – Elements of ARTES Programme
• Sect. 2.2 – Onboard antenna and beamforming systems
• Sect. 2.3 – Onboard radio frequency and baseband equipment’s
• Sect. 2.4 – Ground terminals
• Sect. 2.5 – Electric power systems
• Sect. 2.6 – Attitude and orbit control systems
• Sect. 2.7 – Satellites operations
• Sect. 2.8. – Data relay service for space users
• Sect. 2.9. – Satellite navigation
o Chapter 3 – Satellites Communication Antennas
• Sect. 3.1 – Increased power levels
• Sect. 3.2 – Wider bands + V-bands
• Sect. 3.3 – Combined frequency bands
• Sect. 3.4 – Larger Reflectors
• Sect. 3.5 – Reconfigurable Antennas
• Sect. 3.6 – Active direct radiating array technologies
o Chapter 4 – Satellites Communications of the future
• Sect. 4.1 – Connections without interruptions or dropouts
• Sect. 4.2 – No central station required
o Conclusion
o References

Proposal
Communication satellites refer to artificial satellites that are responsible for relaying and amplifying radio telecommunications signal via a transponder; creating a channel between source transmitter and receiver on different points on the earth. The satellites are usually placedon an orbit around the earth and relay television, radio and telephone signals.
Communication satellites are essential in human beings daily lives; the research paper is about the future requirements for the satellites. It is important to improve the kinds of satellite transmission for a better futureregarding communication, which is television signals, radio frequencies, and even phone waves. The research carried out for coming up with this paper brings out clearly the various desires and reasons for coming up with better future communication satellites than the ones available in the present.
The first chapter of the paper brings out clearly the market study services in an analysis covered for satellite communications. It is important to understand the services as outlined in the different sections of the chapter as they lead to a better insight of the future of the communication satellites.The market services are more of the basic requirements for the improvement of the communication satellites as further discussed in the paper.
Chapter two is on the Advanced Research on Telecommunication Systems (ARTES) Programme. It is important to understand the various components and parts related to ARTES Programme when talking about future requirements of communication satellites. The reason or consideration of ARTES is the primary objective of the Programme which is promoting advanced operations thus assist with thedevelopment of new markets. Improving future communication satellites is an advanced operation thus gets favour in the ARTES Programme.
Satellites Communication Antennas falls under the third chapter of the proposal. The chapter concentrates on various communication antennas and how the antennas are used and can be improved or rather needs an improvement in the near future. The chapter helps in coming up with the backbone of the title, the future requirement in communication satellites which transmit their frequency through the various antennas discussed in the chapter.
The fourth and last chapter of the project is Satellites Communications of the Future. The chapter blends well with the title of the project as the future satellite’s communications having been well identified, leads to the identification of the requirements in that meeting the requirements, leads to the presumed future satellites. The two sections dealt with in the chapter are connections without dropouts and lack of a central station.
It is clear from the outline that the research is based on the title Future Requirements of Communication Satellites, this makes the research viable as it concentrates on the requirements that are to be met for the communication satellites to meet the future criteria. The project has a conclusion that sums up the body of the paper on different chapters and how they are related directly to Future Requirements for Communication Satellites. There is the reference part with five secondary sources of research that have contributed in the compiling of the outside knowledge to come up with the research ideas and facts.

References
Chatzinotas, Symeon, Bjo¨rnOttersten, and Gaudenzi R. De. Cooperative and Cognitive Satellite Systems. , 2015. Internet resource.
Del, Re E, and M Ruggieri. Satellite Communications and Navigation Systems. New York: Springer, 2008. Print.
Giambene, Giovanni, and Claudio Sacchi. Personal Satellite Services: Third International Icst Conference, Psats 2011, Malaga, Spain, February 17-18, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin: Springer, 2011. Internet resource.
Lele, Ajey. Asian Space Race: Rhetoric or Reality?New Delhi: Springer, 2013. Internet resource.
Sebastian, Mailadil T. Dielectric Materials for Wireless Communication. Burlington: Elsevier, 2008. Internet resource.

Title: Future requirements for communication satellites
Outline
o Introduction
o Chapter 1 – Market study services
• Sect. 1.1 – Satellites Communications
• Sect. 1.2 – Earth observation
• Sect. 1.3 – Navigation
• Sect. 1.4 – Other minor markets
o Chapter 2 – ARTES Programme
• Sect. 2.1 – Elements of ARTES Programme
• Sect. 2.2 – Onboard antenna and beamforming systems
• Sect. 2.3 – Onboard radio frequency and baseband equipment’s
• Sect. 2.4 – Ground terminals
• Sect. 2.5 – Electric power systems
• Sect. 2.6 – Attitude and orbit control systems
• Sect. 2.7 – Satellites operations
• Sect. 2.8. – Data relay service for space users
• Sect. 2.9. – Satellite navigation
o Chapter 3 – Satellites Communication Antennas
• Sect. 3.1 – Increased power levels
• Sect. 3.2 – Wider bands + V-bands
• Sect. 3.3 – Combined frequency bands
• Sect. 3.4 – Larger Reflectors
• Sect. 3.5 – Reconfigurable Antennas
• Sect. 3.6 – Active direct radiating array technologies
o Chapter 4 – Satellites Communications of the future
• Sect. 4.1 – Connections without interruptions or dropouts
• Sect. 4.2 – No central station required
o Conclusion
o References

Proposal
Communication satellites refer to artificial satellites that are responsible for relaying and amplifying radio telecommunications signal via a transponder; creating a channel between source transmitter and receiver on different points on the earth. The satellites are usually placedon an orbit around the earth and relay television, radio and telephone signals.
Communication satellites are essential in human beings daily lives; the research paper is about the future requirements for the satellites. It is important to improve the kinds of satellite transmission for a better futureregarding communication, which is television signals, radio frequencies, and even phone waves. The research carried out for coming up with this paper brings out clearly the various desires and reasons for coming up with better future communication satellites than the ones available in the present.
The first chapter of the paper brings out clearly the market study services in an analysis covered for satellite communications. It is important to understand the services as outlined in the different sections of the chapter as they lead to a better insight of the future of the communication satellites.The market services are more of the basic requirements for the improvement of the communication satellites as further discussed in the paper.
Chapter two is on the Advanced Research on Telecommunication Systems (ARTES) Programme. It is important to understand the various components and parts related to ARTES Programme when talking about future requirements of communication satellites. The reason or consideration of ARTES is the primary objective of the Programme which is promoting advanced operations thus assist with thedevelopment of new markets. Improving future communication satellites is an advanced operation thus gets favour in the ARTES Programme.
Satellites Communication Antennas falls under the third chapter of the proposal. The chapter concentrates on various communication antennas and how the antennas are used and can be improved or rather needs an improvement in the near future. The chapter helps in coming up with the backbone of the title, the future requirement in communication satellites which transmit their frequency through the various antennas discussed in the chapter.
The fourth and last chapter of the project is Satellites Communications of the Future. The chapter blends well with the title of the project as the future satellite’s communications having been well identified, leads to the identification of the requirements in that meeting the requirements, leads to the presumed future satellites. The two sections dealt with in the chapter are connections without dropouts and lack of a central station.
It is clear from the outline that the research is based on the title Future Requirements of Communication Satellites, this makes the research viable as it concentrates on the requirements that are to be met for the communication satellites to meet the future criteria. The project has a conclusion that sums up the body of the paper on different chapters and how they are related directly to Future Requirements for Communication Satellites. There is the reference part with five secondary sources of research that have contributed in the compiling of the outside knowledge to come up with the research ideas and facts.

References
Chatzinotas, Symeon, Bjo¨rnOttersten, and Gaudenzi R. De. Cooperative and Cognitive Satellite Systems. , 2015. Internet resource.
Del, Re E, and M Ruggieri. Satellite Communications and Navigation Systems. New York: Springer, 2008. Print.
Giambene, Giovanni, and Claudio Sacchi. Personal Satellite Services: Third International Icst Conference, Psats 2011, Malaga, Spain, February 17-18, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin: Springer, 2011. Internet resource.
Lele, Ajey. Asian Space Race: Rhetoric or Reality?New Delhi: Springer, 2013. Internet resource.
Sebastian, Mailadil T. Dielectric Materials for Wireless Communication. Burlington: Elsevier, 2008. Internet resource.

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