An IELTS, or the International English Language Testing System, is a test that assesses your ability to speak and comprehend the English language. It’s required for people entering the university system in the UK and for people who want to study and work where English is the primary language. Part of the test is an essay, which can be daunting to many test takers. Use these handy steps to write yours effectively so that you can pass the test. Experts recommend allotting about 40 minutes to answering the IELTS essay. As mentioned above, you will start your essay with an introduction to the topic. Your primary goal with the introduction is to state your topic with a few basic facts and let the reader know what you will be writing about. The body of your essay should be no more than two or three paragraphs and each should talk about one idea with the supporting information needed. Finally, you will end with a conclusion that restates the topic of your essay and offers your reader additional thoughts on the subject. Stick with this basic outline and you should be able to get the essay done in the allotted time frame.

It’s a good idea not to just start writing once you’ve read the topic of the essay. Instead, give yourself a couple of minutes to think about what you’ll put onto the paper and how you’ll present it. This allows you to outline your essay so that you can get it written the way you want it instead of having to erase or start over. Don’t spend a ton of time on this, but do allow for a few minutes of thoughtful preparation before you get started. Your IELTS essay question will ask for a certain number of words. You definitely want to make sure you reach that number, but don’t go too much over. The more you write, the more risk of making mistakes and the higher the chances that you’ll run out of time for other portions of the exam. One of the most important things to do when you write is to proofread and edit before you turn in your work. The IELTS test is checking your proficiency at the English language so careless spelling, punctuation or grammar errors can make the difference between passing and failing. Check your essay when it’s done to make sure it’s all correct.

The UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen is case in point. However, 100 years in the future, I see countries utilizing clean energy (wind energy, solar energy, nuclear energy, perhaps a new, clean, as-of-now unknown energy source) — as opposed to fossil fuels. The reason for my optimism is that there is just no option before humans other than to switch to cleaner energy sources! A hundred years into the future, therefore, I see vast expanses of land (all over the world), where wind farming projects have come up providing sustainable renewable energy. I see the vast majority of cars running on water (yes – water indeed), causing no harm at all to the environment. I believe the technology for this doesn’t exist as of yet, although I’ve seen claims of cars running on water. The technology though, I believe, can be developed in the future. I see that the thing called “plastics” is extinct – people are using biodegradable materials instead thereby saving the Earth of the vast quantities of debris that just doesn’t go away, whether in our oceans or on our land.

I see that there is no such thing as “paper” anymore – people therefore don’t cut trees anymore. Not even for building houses – composite, unheard-as-of-yet materials have replaced wood. I see that air travel 100 years in the future is not via the same fuel-guzzling airplanes we have today. They have given way to alternate-fuelled airplanes, primarily powered by hydrogen-based fuel technology. I see that houses in the future have discarded the conventional heating systems employed by us now. Instead, passive houses have become the standard, which rely on the houses’ own generated heat to heat the house, thereby being more environmentally friendly and being energy efficient. Things are not quite rosy here. I see that countries still exist (good thing I guess). Borders are still guarded zealously and fought for – via wars when required and when not required in equal measure. I see nations squabbling over water – that preciously scarce resource of the future.

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