Introduction:

 Clarity of description of purpose, rationale, and significance of the investigation

Body of the report:

Quality of literature research (e.g., currency, breadth & scholarly nature of information sources) Capacity to analyse & synthesise literature (e.g., scholarly literature, professional & policy documents) Level of critical thinking and understanding about the area under investigation.

Conclusions:

Appropriate conclusions drawn about implications for policy or professional practice.

Throughout:

Presentation (e.g., quality of writing; organisation of report; referencing standards)

 

                                                                    Overall structure

 

Title: Contains key words or phrases to give a clear and concise description of the scope and nature of the investigation.

Abstract: Summary of report (this is not an introduction). Approx. 200 -250 words

What?

Summary of report, not an introduction

Why?

Abstract may be all that people read if the report is published. The abstract informs the reader about whether or not the report is of interest to them.

Quality indicators:

Accurately describes the purpose, general content for the report, key findings and conclusions.

Guiding questions:

Would someone reading the abstract understand what was reviewed and why, and the conclusions drawn as a result of the investigation.

 

 

 

Introduction: Identifies the purpose, provides a rationale and overviews significance.

Acquaints reader with the topic and purpose of the report

Describes context in which the topic is to be explored

Should generate the audience’s interest in the topic

Offers an overview of the ensuing argument/content

Constructing the initial paragraph – engaging the reader

Suggestion to use one of these:

Personal anecdote?

Example – real or hypothetical

Statistics

Question

Striking image/portrait of the problem or issue

 

Sections: 4 to 6 well-ordered sections with logical flow of ideas.

4 to 6 sections (ensure balance of the sections plus each section has an introduction with topic sentence and conclusion)

Quality of literature research (e.g., currency, breadth, scholarly)

Capacity to analyse and synthesise literature

Level of critical thinking and understanding about the topic

Ensure readability of sections:

Provide continuity in your argument from first section to last section

Readability (or paragraph or sentence); it can be understood in one pass

Informative headings (and sub-headings) are important:

Be generous with them

Feel free to use verbs to make them informative

Finalise the headings after you have written the total report

Voice

A shift in voice from first person to present your views (I believe …) to third person to present facts (The research indicates ….  ) can help to focus the reader’s attention.

Use first person to engage the reader, but use sparingly. In conclusions.

 

Quality indicators

Well organised and well balanced structure

Generally moves from broad topics to specific ones

Summary at the end of each section emphasising the key points

Transition sentences provided between sections facilitate reading

Accurate, verified citations and free of plagiarism

Common errors

Poor overall organizational structure

Overuse of quotes used

Serial list of ideas from authors rather than a synthesis of ideas

No distinction made between theoretical and empirical works or between the quality of sources (e.g., significant studies/authors; peer-reviewed journals versus policy document media reports) using very old theoretical references must show up the way that u still use it till this period of time.

Conclusions: Summary of main points and implications

Reiterate your main points and implications

Leave your reader with a sense that you achieved what you set out to achieve in the introduction

Do not introduce any new information

Answer any issues raised in the introduction.

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