Labeling is central in understanding how individuals and the society at large react towards criminalization of behaviors. Across the globe, societies assign certain labels to individuals suspected of engaging in socially disapproved behaviors. For instance, individuals engaging in socially proscribed behaviors are considered to be engaging in law breaking, and the society may label them with tags that befit their conduct. As such, individuals involved in such law breaking tendencies as use of illicit substances such as marijuana or participating in prohibited trades such as prostitution may be labeled deviant. Such labeling may compel them to assume identities consistent with the label and subsequently associate with similar others. Accordingly, this form of societal reaction to deviance serves to reinforce the unwanted behavior among the victims, further producing career deviants CITATION Kup03 l 1033 (Kuper, 2003).

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