MANUFACTURING, COST CLASSIFICATION, INCOME STATEMENT SERVICE FIRM PRODUCT COSTS AND SELLING AND ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS, INCOME STATEMENT
Pop’s Drive-Thru Burger Heaven produces and sells quarter-pound hamburgers. Each burger is wrapped and put in a ”burger bag,” which also includes a serving of fries and a soft drink. The price for the burger bag is $3.50. During December, 10,000 burger bags were sold. The restaurant employs college students part-time to cook and fill orders. There is one supervisor (the owner, John Peterson). Pop’s maintains a pool of part-time employees so that the number of employees scheduled can be adjusted to the changes in demand. Demand varies on a weekly as well as a monthly basis.
A janitor is hired to clean the building early each morning. Cleaning supplies are used by the janitor, as well as the staff, to wipe counters, wash cooking equipment, and so on. The building is leased from a local real estate company; it has no seating capacity. All orders are filled on a drive-thru basis.
The supervisor schedules work, opens the building, counts the cash, advertises, and is responsible for hiring and firing. The following costs were incurred during December:
Buns, lettuce, pickles, and onions
Frozen potato strips
Wrappers, bags, and condiment packages
Part-time employees’ wages
John Peterson’s salary
Depreciation, cooking equipment and fixtures
Pop’s accountant, Elena DeMarco, does the bookkeeping, handles payroll, and files all necessary taxes. She noted that there were no beginning or ending inventories of materials. To simplify accounting for costs, Elena assumed that all part-time employees are production employees and that John Peterson’s salary is selling and administrative expense. She further assumed that all rent and depreciation expense on the building and fixtures are part of product cost. Finally, she decided to put all taxes into one category, taxes, and to treat them as administrative expense.
1. Classify each of the costs for Pop’s December operations using the table format given below. Be sure to total the amounts in each column.
2. Prepare an income statement for the month of December.
3. Elena made some simplifying assumptions. Were those reasonable? Suppose a good case could be made that the portion of the employees’ time spent selling the burger bags was really a part of sales. In that case, would it be better to divide their time between production and selling? Should John Peterson’s time be divided between marketing and administrative duties? What difference (if any) would that make on the income statement?