Rationalism/Romanticism;Liberalism;Socialism;Nationalism//Communism/Conservatism/Positivism

Question 1
1. Match the term to the corresponding definition.

Rationalism

Romanticism

Liberalism

Socialism

Nationalism

Communism

Conservatism

Positivism
a. Ownership of means shared equally by all
b. Celebration of the superiority of reason
c. Transfer of political power to the working class
d. Science will inevitably lead to human progress
e. Use of intuition to comprehend levels of being
f. Protection of the Old Guard from liberals
g. Interests of the State should be defended
h. Promotion and protection of individual rights

Question 3
1. As British industrial production increased in the 1800s, Britain had to find new:

sources of coal.

markets.

sources of labor.

sources of capital.
Question 4
1. The Luddites:

tried to destroy the new power looms in the English Midlands.

made up the core organizers of a large English working class organization.

led the Chartist movement.

advocated working class representation in the British Parliament.
Question 5
1. The Ausgleich of 1867:

resulted in the formal creation of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

led to the breakup of the Austrian Empire.

resulted in a religious war in Hungary.

resulted in the creation of an independent Polish state.
Question 7
1. Why were organic sources of energy considered problematic in the late 18th century

Non-renewable

Long time to replenish

Need of land for other purposes

Cost
Question 8
1. Before the 18th century, many educated German people wrote in what, now foreign, language

French

English

Italian

Spanish