Software & Hardware Infrastructure


Information & Instructions


  • Place your responses under each assessment item.


  • Some external research is required. Be sure to include the appropriate APA references after your response.


  • Do not just copy and paste materials. You must write complete mini essays (at least 3 paragraphs each) that express your response in your own words with as much original thought as possible.


  • You must post the completed Final Assessment by the due date shown in the Course Schedule.




Answer Assessment Items

  1. What is the difference between random access memory (RAM), cache memory, flash memory (USB Flash Drive), optical storage (CD/DVD), and magnetic storage (hard drive)?









  1. What are component parts of the CPU? Describe how each component works.









  1. Convert the numbers and populate the missing cells based on column heading. You must show your work for each conversion.


Base 2 (Binary) Base 8 (Octal) Base 10(Decimal)











  1. You are the IT Infrastructure Specialist on a desktop refresh project responsible for defining hardware requirements. Identify a structured methodology and outline the steps you would use to conduct the requirements analysis.








  1. What is a communications protocol? What is the relationship between communications protocols and IT infrastructure?









  1. What is a network topology? List and define at least three examples of network topologies.







  1. List and define the types of System Software. How does System Software differ from Applications Software?












  1. Describe LAN, WAN, and MAN. List and define the various components associated with these concepts.










  1. What is the backbone for the Internet? Briefly describe how the Internet works.










  1. What is the difference between the Waterfall and Fountain methodologies?