Get help for South-University CNS 6529 Final Exam. 1. Question : (Question 751 from the Rosenthal Book). Question 3. : Nine of the world’s finest counselor educators are given an elementary exam on counseling theory. Question 4. : Billy received an 82 on his college math final. This is Billy’s raw score on the test. A raw score simply refers to the number of items correctly answered. A raw score is expressed in the units by which it was originally obtained. The raw score is not altered mathematically. Question 7. : The x axis is used to plot the IV scores. Student Answer: the y axis. Question 8. : The y axis is used to plot the frequency of the DVs. Question 11. : The range is a measure of variance and usually is calculated by determining the difference between the highest and the lowest score. Question 13. : A counselor educator is teaching two separate classes in individual inventory. In the morning class the counselor educator has 53 students and in the afternoon class she has 177 students.

Question 14. The variance is a measure of dispersion of scores around some measure of central tendency. The variance is the standard deviation squared. 1 SD of the mean. IQ score which is more that 2 SD above the mean. 2 SD of the mean. Question 16. Question : The standard deviation is the square root of the variance. 2.5 SD below the mean. 2.5 SD above the mean. 05% of the population falls within the area of the curve. Question 18. : A T-score is different from a z-score. A z-score is the same as the standard deviation. A T-score, however, has a mean of 50 with every 10 points landing at a standard deviation above or below the mean. Question 22. : In World War II the Air Force used stanine scores as a measurement. Stanine scores divide the distribution into nine equal intervals with stanine 1 as the lowest ninth and 9 as the highest ninth.

In this system 5 is the mean. Question 23. : There are four basic measurement scales: the nominal, the ordinal, the interval and the ratio. The nominal scale is strictly a qualitative scale. It is the simplest type of scale. It is used to distinguish logically separated groups. Which of the following illustrates the function of the nominal scale? DSM or ICD diagnostic category. The weight of an Olympic barbell set. Question 24. : The ordinal scale rank-orders variables, though the relative distance between the elements is not always equal. Question 25. : The interval scale has numbers scaled at equal distances but has no absolute zero point. Most tests used in school fall into this category. You can add and subtract using interval scales but cannot multiply or divide. 20 lb weight is half as heavy as a 40 lb weight. Question 26. A ratio scale is an interval scale with a true zero point.

Ratio measurements are possible using this scale. Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division all can be utilized on a ratio scale. Question 27. : Researchers often utilize naturalistic observation when doing ethological investigations or studying children’s behavior. IV and the DV. Question 29. A researcher gives a depressed patient a sugar pill and the individual’s depression begins to lift. Question 30. Question : A researcher notes that a group of clients who are not receiving counseling, but are observed in a research study, are improving. Her hypothesis is that the attention she has given them has been curative. Type II error in the research. Question 31. : An elementary school counselor tells the third-grade teacher that a test revealed that certain children will excel during the school year. In reality, no such test was administered. Moreover, the children were unaware of the experiment. By the end of the year, all of the children who were supposed to excel did excel!