Thecollective attitudes that citizens have about political issues, events andpeople are called a. political gossip

1. Thecollective attitudes that citizens have about political issues, events andpeople are called a. political gossip b. political values c. public opinion d. political agendas 2. The set of beliefs and values as awhole forming a person’s beliefs about what government should be like iscalled a. political ideology b. political values c. public opinion d. political 3. What are reasons people participate inpolitics a. influence policies made by government. b. affect the outcome of elections. c. protest a government decision. d. All of these are correct. 4. Acts of political participation a. are allowed by law. b. include voting and writing letters toone’s representative. c. are not sanctioned by law. d. Both a and b are correct. 5. An Exit Poll would be a(n) a. sample using a target population thatis split into subgroups. b. form of telemarketing disguised as apoll intended to give information (usually false) with the goal of influencing public opinion. c. poll conducted on election day to tryand predict election outcomes before the votes are counted. d. nonprobability sample in which theresearcher randomly invites respondents to participatein the survey. e. unscientific mechanism to gauge publicopinion. 6. Usually one of the least expensive waysto get an accurate sample is a a. random sample b. cluster sample c. raw data sample d. none of the above 7 One of the most infamous inaccurate pollsever due to the method of conducting the poll wasthe_______________ a. Literary Digest Poll b. Harris Poll c. Gallop Poll d. None of the above 8. Peoples political party preferences areacquired from a. their families b. the region of the country they live in c. their education d. all of the above 9. The term gender gap refers todifferences between men and women in a. political opinions b. income level c. morality d. education 10. What are agents of socialization a. family networks b. peers c. social networks d. all of the above 11. The term which refers to the collectivepolitical opinions of a society a. popular opinion b. majority opinion c. public opinion d. neither of the above 12. Generally accepted American valuesinclude: a. Liberty b. Democracy c. Equality of opportunity d. all of the above 13. The outcome of a poll can be effected by a. the phrasing of the questions b. the order of the questions c. the interviewer d. all of the above e. a and b only 14. Parents, Peers, Religion ,andDemographics are all a. irrelevant b. responsible for the problemsindividuals face c. are agents of political socialization d. unrelated a person’s political opinions 15. The poll tax was a. a fee to be paid to register to vote. b. intended to discriminate againstblacks. c. declared unconstitutional in state andlocal elections with the passage of the Twenty Fourth Amendment. d. Both a and b are correct. 16. Political action committees a. are financial arm of corporations,labor unions and special interest groups. b. can contribute maximum of $5,000 percandidate per election if they contribute to at least five levels of federal candidates each year. c. have declined in the 1990s. d. Both a and b are correct. 17. When P.R. firms try to create theimpression in Congress that a political position has tremendous grassroots support byhiring people to cause constituents to make contact with congress, that is referred to as a. skimming the Congress b. scamming the Congress c. groundswell politics d. Astroturf 18. Cesar Chavez organized the a. National Farm Workers Association/UFW b. Teamsters Union c. AFL-CIO d. none of these are correct 19. A magazine as a benefit given to membersof an interest group would be considered closestto which type of benefit a. Purposive benefit b. Solidary benefit c. Materialbenefit d. Neither 20. Whichof the following is not a group or faction that has an large impact on the government a. themedia b. interestgroups c. politicalparties d. politicalscientists 21. Anorganized group that seeks to influence the government through winningelections. a. politicalparty b. government corporation c. interest group d. political faction 22. Thetwo major political parties in the United States are a. Independent and Conservative. b. Democrats and Republicans. c. Liberal and Conservative. d. Intellectual and Independent. 23. Thefounders’ viewed political parties as a. necessary for good government. b. constructive entities. c. selfish groups. d. the fourth branch of government. 24. Thenation’s first two parties can be traced to the a. Liberals and Conservatives. b. Moderates and Extremists. c. Federalists and Anti-Federalists. d. Democrats and Whigs. 25. Accordingto the text, which of the following evolved into today’s Republican Party a. Jacksonians. b. Federalists. c. Libertarians. d. Tories. 26. TheLibertarian Party is an example of a. a radical third party. b. an issue-based third party. c. an interest group. d. an ideological third party. 27. Inboth 2008 Senate Races Candidates the average winner spent a. 1 million dollars b. 2 million dollars c. 3 million dollars d. 4 million dollars 28. A(n)______________consistsof people who share a cause or concern and organize into a group in an attempt to influencelegislation. a. political party. b. interestgroup. c. political faction. d. lobbyist group. 29. Theyare hired by interest groups to communicate with government authorities. a. consultants. b. lobbyists. c. media advisors. d. committee chairs. 30. Most lobbyists are former a. used car salesmen. b. political scientists. c legislators. d. judges. 31. Thekey to being a successful lobbyist is having a. connections with the courts. b. the support of the media. c. access to the lawmakers. d. a celebrity endorsement. 32 The case of Citizens United v. FEC (2010) has had great impact upon a. voter ID b. voter registration c. campaign finance d. none of the above 33. Thisfeature of our system hampers 3rd Parties chances of success a. Winner Take All (plurality) system b. Single member district system, forallocation of seats c. a and b d. neither a nor b 35. Thesegroups are not covered by campaign spending restrictions a. 501 c(4) s b. 527s c. SUPER PACS/Independent expenditurecommittees d. all are exempt from campaign spendingrestrictions 36. TheWhig Party changed its name during the a. Progressive Era. b. Civil Rights Era. c. Great Depression. d. Civil War Era. 37. TheNAACP and MADD are examples of a. political parties. b. extremist fringe groups. c. anti-government factions. d. interest groups. 38. The1996 presidential candidate of the Reform Party was a. Ross Perot. b. Colin Powell. c. George Bush. d. Al Gore. 39. Interestgroups hire these people to communicate with government authorities. a. campaign managers b. lobbyists c. media consultants d. retirees 40. Whichof the following do interest groups lobby a. the courts b. the executive branch c. the Congress d. all of the above 41. TheNAACP has been most known for using a. the executive branch. b. the media. c. the courts. d. the private businesses. 42. Whichof the following is forbidden from contributing to a PAC a. a corporation b. a member of a political party. c. a private US citizen. d. all of the above. 43. Incumbentsare more likely to win elections because a. of name recognition. b. they campaign harder. c. of their high ethics. d. fewer people know them well. 44. Thisagency has authority to regulate federal elections. a. Federal Political Commission. b. Federal Election Commission. c. Federal Communications Commission. d. Federal Equal Time Commission. 45. America’sfirst parties were formed a. due to differences in race. b. due to opinions about the function of anational government. c. due to the Women’s suffrage movement. d. due to foreign policy differences. 46. Whichof the following third (minor) Parties has been most successful in presidential elections. a. Libertarian Party. b. Reform Party/ United We Stand Party. c. Democratic Party. d. Green Party. 47. Theright of interest groups to gather and speak is protected by a. the Declaration of Independence. b. the Magna Carta. c. the First Amendment. d. the 27th Amendment. 48. Thisinterest group formed to
educate the public about drunk drivers. a. NAACP b. Mothers Against Drunk Driving c. American Medical Association d. American Distilleries Alliance 49. A”friend of the court” brief is called a. ad valorem. b. corpus delecti. c. amicus curiae. d. habeas corpus. 50. People participate in politics in orderto a. influence policies made by government. b. affect the outcome of elections. c. protest a government decision. d. All of these are correct. 51. All of these are considered to besignificant reasons for voting except a. It gives government politicallegitimacy. b. It links individuals to the politicalsystem. c. It protects individuals and groups fromgovernmental abuses. d. It reduces individual benefits at theexpense of public good. 52. The major source of restrictions on voterparticipation in the past was the a. federal government. b. state government. c. city government. d. county government. 53. Which Article to the Constitution givesstates the power to determine voter qualifications a. I b. II c. III d. IV 54. Who intervened to remove state imposedrestrictions on participation a. Members of Congress. b. Members of the Supreme Court c. Members of State Legislature d. Both a and b are correct. 55. Which statement is correct a. The greatest number of amendments tothe Constitution on any issue deal with voting rights. b. The greatest number of amendments dealwith change in the structure of federal government. c. The limitations on voting rights wereset aside by the Fifteenth Amendment. d. Both a and c are correct. 56. The legal devices created by many statesto prevent blacks from voting became known as a. Jim Crow Laws. b. Jim Wells Laws. c. State’s Rights Laws. d. None of these are correct. 57. All of these are examples of Jim CrowLaws except a. Black Primary b. White Primary c. Literacy Test d. Grandfather Clause 58. The poll tax was a. a fee to be paid to register to vote. b. intended to discriminate againstblacks. c. declared unconstitutional in state andlocal elections with the passage of the Twenty Fourth Amendment. d. Both a and b are correct. 59. What Supreme Court case declared thegrandfather clause unconstitutional a. Guinn v. U.S. b. Smith v. Allwright c. Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections d. Brown v. Board of Election 60. The congressional act that suspended theliteracy test as a condition for voting is called the a. Voting Rights Act of 1965. b. Civil Rights Act of 1964. c. Universal Suffrage Rights of 1910. d. None of these are correct. 61. All of these are requirements for voterqualifications except a. 21 Years of Age b. American Citizen c. Registered Voter d. Residency 62. The reason for registration requirementis to a. avoid electoral fraud. b. make sure he/she is a citizen. c. make sure he/she is a partisan voter. d. Both a and b are correct. 63. The major reason for the passage of theNational Voter Registration Act of 1993 wasto a. identify those who were naturalizedAmerican citizens. b. determine why minority voters tend tovote less frequency. c. encourage greater electoralparticipation. d. reduce the frequency of electoralparticipation. 64. In which state are voters not required todeclare their party preference in the primary until at they arrive at the polls and not before a. Texas b. Tennessee c. Virginia d. All of the above 65. _______________was spent in National,state and local elections in 2012 a. $5 Billion b. $ 2 Billion c. $1 Billion d. $300 million 67. Which statement is correct a. 527 committees and super PACs weredesigned to get around the restrictions of McCain- Feingold b. McCain-Feingold was designed to reducethe power PACs. c. 501c(4)s and 527s and super PACs canspend far more that PACs. d. All of these are correct. 68. Voter turnout rate is lower in Americanthan most of other industrial democracies because a. the frequency of election is higher inAmerican than Europe. b. more party choices are given toEuropean voters than American voters. c. the American party system lacks a majorleft-wing socialist party. d. All of these are correct. 69. Which country has had the highest turnoutin recent elections a. Switzerland b. Australia c. Great Britain d. South Africa 70. Primary election is held a. prior to the general election. b. after the convening of generalelection. c. to allow voters who identify themselveswith a particular party to select nominees. d. Both a and b are correct, 71. Which device, in nominating candidates,is considered to be democratic a. Caucus b. Convention c. Primary d. Both a and b. 72. The dual primary a. is prevalent only in most of thesouthern states. b. requires a candidate to receive aplurality of votes in order to be nominated. c. requires a candidate to receive amajority of votes in order to be nominated. d. Both a and c are correct. 73. Which election is used to determine whowill occupy an elected office a. general election b. special election c. primary election d. recall election 74. Which Supreme Court case decided thatgiving money to one’s own campaign is a form of free speech a. Buckley v Valeo b. McCulloch v. Maryland c. Brown v. Board of Education d. None of these. 75. How much can an individual contribute perelection to any candidate’s campaign a. $20,000 b. $1,000 c. $2,000 d. unlimited