Prepare a 350- to 700-word brief comparing and contrasting policy monitoring and policy evaluation. This brief is intended for a high level executive of your agency/organization, so ensure that you keep it concise and relevant. What is policy monitoring? What is policy evaluation? How does policy monitoring compare to policy evaluation? Which is most applicable to criminal justice policy? Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment. Prepare a 350 – to 750 word brief comparing and contrasting policy monitoring and policy evaluation. This brief is intended for a high level executive of your agency/organization, so ensure that you keep it concise and relevant. What is policy monitoring? What is policy evaluation? How does policy monitoring compare to policy evaluation? Which is most applicable to criminal justice policy? The content is comprehensive, accurate, and/or persuasive. The paper develops a central theme or idea, directed toward the appropriate audience. The paper cites and links theory to relevant examples of current experience and industry practice and uses the vocabulary of the theory correctly. The introduction provides sufficient background on the topic and previews major points. The conclusion is logical, flows from the body of the paper, and reviews the major points. Paragraph transitions are present and logical and maintain the flow throughout the paper. The tone is appropriate to the content and assignment. Sentences are complete, clear, and concise. Sentences are well-constructed, with consistently strong, varied sentences. Sentence transitions are present and maintain the flow of thought. The paper, including the title page, reference page, tables, and appendices, follow APA guidelines for format. Citations of original works within the body of the paper follow APA guidelines. The paper is laid out with effective use of headings, font styles, and white space. Rules of grammar, usage, and punctuation are followed.
A budget is a financial document or pre-plan of action for organization. It is a systematic process to anticipated the expenses and return for a given period. It’s a plan for managing money. Fixed budget: It is financial plan which does not change throughout the budget period as it is also said to be static budget. Generally, the organization where sales volume is predictable use fixed budget. This helps to single level of business activity. Flexible budget: The budget that can be change according to the volume of services of business, said to be flexible budget. It is also called variable budget. It allows adjustment of revenue and expenses accordingly to up and down. This budget provides better management in all circumstances (Shim & Siegel, 2008). It is very useful for business as it can be changed throughout the budget period. Cash Budget: Cash budget are important for cash management.
Cash planning and controlling are undertakes in cash budget. It’s meant to know expected cash flow and outflow during a specified period in the organization. Cash management helps in avoiding to keep idle cash and also unexpected borrowings in business. It is a very important aspect of organization as its help in smooth functioning of business. Capital Expenditure budget: This budget is related to the long term project of organization. It includes management of those funds, which requires for acquiring long term project in business. It helps in calculating the cost of project as well as the timing of capital expenditure. Program budget: This budget is concerned with the different programs of organization. Research & development, marketing and training are some examples of program activities. It’s majorly concerned with the problem of resource allocation and helps the manager to improve their managerial skills. Master budget: An organization carries many activities. Master budget involves all operational areas of organization such as sales, production and so on.
All the operations of organization are interdependent to each other and also effected to each other. This budget is considered this factor and includes all budgets in one. It is called master budget (Needles, Powers & Crosson, 2010). Master budget is not only flexible but also includes all the operations of organization. If any change occurs, only master budget has to be change. It creates time and cost effectiveness for organization as it’s save time and cost. Grossman, T. & Livingstone, J.L. Portable MBA in Finance and Accounting (4th ed.). USA: John Wiley and Sons. Harvard Business School Press (2009). Preparing a budget: expert solutions to everyday challenges. USA: Harvard Business Press. Needles, B.E., Powers, M. & Crosson, S.V. Financial and Managerial Accounting (9th ed.). Shim, J.K. & Siegel, J. G. (2008). Budgeting Basics and Beyond (3rd ed.). USA: John Wiley and Sons. Warren, C. S. (2008). Survey of Accounting (4th ed.).
College and university professors can easily recognize plagiarism in students’ work, and they take this issue very seriously. The following tips will help you avoid the issue of plagiarism during essay writing. 1. Include citations and references. Your main goal is to use the sources ethically, meaning that you should always provide proper references. Follow the formatting guidelines your professor gave and make sure to implement the required citation style (MLA, Harvard, APA, Turabian, etc). Citing is not simple, but you’ll get used to it with practice. The main thing to remember is to reference every single source you used in order to write the paper. 2. Referencing is important even when you paraphrase! Most guides that teach you how to avoid plagiarism will tell you to simply paraphrase. You have found materials that are perfect for writing the best essay/essays, so you decide to rearrange the sentences and replace some words with synonyms. That’s a great way to cheat on plagiarism engines, but it’s not a way of avoiding plagiarism. The act of plagiarizing is not limited to copying whole portions of another author’s work; it also includes using other writers’ ideas without giving credit.