Paper on Upper Limb
Approach this paper as if you are the first person describing the anatomy of hand
II. Choose 1 of 4 Regions:
1) Shoulder & Arm
(including: deltoid, rotator cuff, pectoralis major, & teres major)
2) Forearm: Anterior Compartment
3) Forearm: Posterior Compartment (including brachioradialis)
III. Paper should include:
1) original, handwritten notes
(do not retype)
2) identification of cadaver (eg., cadaver 12, right side)
3) 1 paragraph giving an overview or summary of region (taken from books or lecture and including embryology).
4) list and description of muscles (original information-based on cadaver, not books, see IV).
IV. Description of Muscles Includes:
1) General description of muscle: one sentence
(ie., convergent, parallel, fusiform, multipennate, etc. muscles fibers. For instance, The rectus abdominis is a strap muscle.)
2) Description of all attachments
(as seen on the cadaver & not copied from a book).
(nerve of origin; where it enters muscle- Example: At the elbow, a branch leaves the radial nerve and divides into three branches which enter the belly of the brachioradialis.)
The paper will have 3 parts. 1) Identification of cadaver number and limb (ie., right or left) RIGHT SIDE on which the paper is based should be indicated at the beginning of each paper. 2) The paper should include a brief, one paragraph (textbook) overview of the organization of the area of interest (How many compartments and the organization of the deep fascia, their innervation, functions, embryonic origin, etc: 30%). 3) Description of the all the muscles (ie., fiber organization, origin, insertion, and innervation) found in the selected region (40%).
Where necessary, the dental dissections should be completed to reveal clearly muscle origin, insertion and innervation. If it is necessary to use a different limb and/or cadaver to describe a muscle that was destroyed on your chosen limb, then it is important to indicate from where the description is derived and why.
Note: this paper should be short. If there are ten muscles in the selected area, then it takes approximately 40 sentences to describe all the muscles. Grammar, spelling, general organization and proper use of terminology will count 20%.