What Approach Will You Use To Examine Your Subject?

It is imperative that you work with your advisor to develop your Thesis Proposal. A strong proposal identifies the value of the project as an Environmental Studies thesis within your concentration, and provides a helpful “road map” for sustaining the student’s research and writing. What follows are a few specific instructions regarding content of your Thesis Proposal. Please attend carefully to each of them. 1. A clear statement of the problem proposed for study and the focus of inquiry or specific research question(s) to be addressed. 2. Discussion of relevant scholarly literatures. 3. Detailed discussion of the methodology, explaining the suitability of your methods to your research problem and articulating your understanding of the complexities of the methods to be employed. What approach will you use to examine your subject? Which methods of gathering information will help best to answer your research question or develop the analytical approach you select? This discussion should address the method’s appropriateness to research in the Environmental Studies Concentration you are studying. 4. Description of the materials to be used in the research (e.g., samples collected in the field, texts, documents, empirical data, interviews and interview subjects, etc.), as well as their location and/or availability. A time table (and budget, if applying for research funds) may be useful. 5. A preliminary outline and timetable. This is a working document that will help you and your advisor, and may be revised over the course of the semester. It is helpful to submit a preliminary draft proposal (three to five pages describing your question, research plan or creative organization, and a preliminary bibliography) to your advisor for suggestions on improvement and preparation of the final document. Transmit the final thesis proposal electronically to your advisor by uploading it to the Thesis Proposal Submission Form and submitting this completed form. Due to the Registrar’s scheduling of the drop/add period, deadlines are firm.

Refer to the List of Tables, Figures, and Illustrations section for additional information. 1. Appendices must appear at the end of the document (before references) and not the chapter to which they pertain. 2. When there is more than one appendix, assign each appendix a number or a letter heading (e.g., “APPENDIX 1” or “APPENDIX A”) and a descriptive title. 3. Include the chosen headings in all capital letters, and center them 1″ below the top of the page. 4. All appendix headings and titles must be included in the table of contents. 5. Page numbering must continue throughout your appendix or appendices. Ensure each appendix complies with margin and pagination requirements. You are required to list all the references you consulted. For specific details on formatting your references, consult and follow a style manual or professional journal that is used for formatting publications and citations in your discipline. 1. Always begin references on a separate page either immediately following the end of each chapter or at the end of your entire document.

If you place references after each chapter, the references for the last chapter must be placed immediately following the chapter and before the appendices. If you place all references at the end of the thesis or dissertation, they must appear after the appendices as the final component in the document. 2. Select an appropriate heading for this section based on the style manual you are using (e.g., “REFERENCES”, “BIBLIOGRAPHY”, or “WORKS CITED”). 3. Include the chosen heading in all capital letters, and center it 1″ below the top of the page. 4. References must be single-spaced within each entry. 5. Include one double-spaced line between each reference. 6. Page numbering must continue throughout your references section. Ensure references comply with margin and pagination requirements. In some cases, students gain approval from their academic program to include in their thesis or dissertation previously published (or submitted, in press, or under review) journal articles or similar materials that they have authored.

For more information about including previously published works in your thesis or dissertation, see the section on Use of Your Own Previously Published Materials and the section on Copyrighting. If your academic program has approved inclusion of such materials, please note that these materials must match the formatting guidelines set forth in this Guide regardless of how the material was formatted for publication. 1. Fonts, margins, chapter headings, citations, and references must all match the formatting and placement used within the rest of the thesis or dissertation. 2. If appropriate, published articles can be included as separate individual chapters within the thesis or dissertation. 3. A separate abstract to each chapter should not be included. 4. The citation for previously published work must be included as the first footnote (or endnote) on the first page of the chapter. 5. Do not include typesetting notations often used when submitting manuscripts to a publisher (i.e., insert table x here). 6. The date on the title page should be the year in which your committee approves the thesis or dissertation, regardless of the date of completion or publication of individual chapters. 7. If you would like to include additional details about the previously published work, this information can be included in the preface for the thesis or dissertation.

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